International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN:2582-6220, DOI: 10.47505/IJRSS https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss <p>International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) is open access, double-blind peer-reviewed, an international journal published in English. The <strong>IJRSS</strong> Journal is the Social Science and humanities journal with <strong>e-ISSN: 2582-6220, and DOI: 10.47505/IJRSS</strong> publishes original research articles, review articles, and letters to the editor. IIJRSS provides wider sharing of knowledge and the acceleration of research, and is thus in the best interest of authors, potential readers, and increases the availability, accessibility, visibility and impact of the papers, and the journal as a whole. The IJRSS focusing on theories, methods, and applications of Social Science and humanities research, increasing academic prosperity, and fostering international academic exchange and cooperation. This journal provides a platform for sharing the latest high-quality research concerning Social Science and humanities research.</p> <p>It is our immense pleasure to introduce the International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS), Social Sciences Journal to cater to the publication needs of teachers, scientists, scholars, students, and professionals. We thank all the resources with us, in the form of an eminent advisory board and editorial board for all their cooperation and enthusiastic involvement in this blooming endeavor.</p> Sretechjournals en-US International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN:2582-6220, DOI: 10.47505/IJRSS 2582-6220 Electoral Violence in Nigerian Polity: Causes and Consequences https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/195 <p><em>Nigerian polity over the years has witnessed several electoral processes and elections which have been characterized by various forms of violence. These have equally resulted into negative indices such as political apathy among the electorates, loss of lives and properties, low economic growth, poor standard of living and stunted political development. The paper examines electoral violence and its prevalence in Nigerian polity. The paper focuses on the factors behind the continuous occurrences of electoral violence in almost all the elections conducted in Nigeria at the federal, state and local government levels since independence. The study is a qualitative research which relied on secondary sources of information and anchored on elite theory as its theoretical framework of analysis. The paper finds that poverty, unemployment, financial inducement of elective positions, bad governance and loose security architecture among others are the causes of electoral violence in Nigeria. The paper further reveals that electoral violence creates fear among the electorates and some interested candidates which hinders their political participation and interests resulting in political apathy. The paper posits that electoral violence is an obstacle to good governance, peaceful coexistence and political development in Nigeria. The paper therefore recommends among others, that political education, public enlightenment, eradication of poverty through people oriented government policies and creation of jobs for the idle youths will help to ameliorate the occurrences of electoral violence in Nigeria polity.</em></p> AGIDI EJIME PALLY Copyright (c) 2022 AGIDI EJIME PALLY https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-15 2022-09-15 3 9 1 7 10.47505/IJRSS.2022.V3.9.1 Motor Vehicle Testing Service https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/194 <p><em>Describe and analyze the motor vehicle testing service policy implementation based on the Minister of Transportation Regulation No. 19 of 2021 at the East Kutai Regency Transportation Service. Describe and analyze the supporting and inhibiting factors for implementing the motor vehicle testing service policy based on the Minister of Transportation Regulation No. 19 of 2021 at the East Kutai Regency Transportation Service. This location was chosen based on the following factors: (1) the quality of service for testing motor vehicles is still poor, (2) the number of traffic accidents is high, (3) environmental pollution is still a problem, and (4) the number of motorized vehicles undergoing testing is decreasing. In this study, the informants were Unit</em><em> executor</em><em> of Motor Vehicle Testing for the East Kutai Regency Transportation Service. Based on the indicators of communication, resources, disposition, and bureaucratic structure, implementing the motor vehicle testing service policy based on Minister of Transportation Regulation Number 19 of 2021 at the East Kutai Regency Transportation Service can be deemed successful, despite the presence of several impeding factors. According to the "communication" indicator, implementing the motor vehicle testing service policy at the Transportation Service Office of East Kutai Regency has been carried out effectively; it is effectively communicated to implement personnel through clear and accurate instructions and from the higher authority, consistently and decisively. Contribution of Research results theoretically, the results of this study should be able to construct a theory of public policy execution about motor vehicle testing services based on the pertinent ministerial regulations.</em></p> Muhammad Bayu Aji Roos Widjajani Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Bayu Aji, Roos Widjajani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-15 2022-09-15 3 9 8 16 10.47505/IJRSS.2022.V3.9.2 The Influence of Discipline Factors, Work Culture, and Motivation on the Performance of Teachers in State Vocational Schools in Malang City https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/197 <p><em>This study aims to describe the variables of Performance, Discipline, work culture and motivation,</em><em>and to </em><em>&nbsp;analyze the significant influence of discipline factors, work culture, and motivation simultaneously on teacher performance</em><em>. &nbsp;</em><em>The results of the analysis show that the factors of discipline, work culture and motivation simultaneously affect the teacher's performance. Discipline affects teacher performance, work culture affects teacher performance. Motivation has an effect on teacher performance. Discipline has a dominant effect on teacher performance.</em></p> Gayuh Drianto Fajar Supanto Yarnest Copyright (c) 2022 Gayuh Drianto, Fajar Supanto, Yarnest https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-15 2022-09-15 3 9 17 27 10.47505/IJRSS.2022.V3.9.3 The Implementation of Policies in the Management of Private Company based on the Regional Regulation of The Province of East Kalimantan, of Indonesia https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/192 <p><em>The findings of the BPK dated June 29, 2020, against Migas Mandiri Pratama LTD East Kalimantan revealed that the net income deposit to the East Kalimantan Provincial Government Cashier was still lacking, the management of 10% PI Mahakam Block was not in accordance with the provisions, there were concurrent positions in the president director and on the operational director, as well as the existence of unprofessional corporate governance, inspired this study.</em><em> Using a qualitative approach of the descriptive type, the purpose of this study is to describe and analyze the implementation of policies on the management of Migas Mandiri Pratama LTDEast Kalimantan based on the Regional Regulation of the Province of East Kalimantan Number 9 of 2018, as well as to describe and analyze the factors that support and impede the implementation of the policy.</em><em> First, the implementation of policies on the management of Migas Mandiri Pratama LTD East Kalimantan based on Regional Regulation of the Province of East Kalimantan Number 9 of 2018 when viewed from the "policy content" indicator and "implementation environment" indicator has been successful, but there are still obstacles. Second, in the implementation of policies regarding the management of Migas Mandiri Pratama LTD East Kalimantan in accordance with the Regional Regulation of East Kalimantan Province Number 9 of 2018, there are supporting factors, namely already having complete regulations, providing adequate infrastructure, having sufficient business capital, having a harmonious working relationship between the implementers, and having a sufficient opportunity to expand the company's business network. There are still some inept company directors, some company trainers who do not get the notion of the corporation, interference from the interests of dishonest officials, and business competition between comparable companies.</em></p> Ismail Agus Sholahuddin Kridawati Sadhana Copyright (c) 2022 Ismail, Kridawati Sadhana https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-15 2022-09-15 3 9 28 37 10.47505/IJRSS.2022.V3.9.4 Study of Social Behavior of Village Consultative Body Members (BPD) in Tunjungtirto Village, Singosari Sub-District, Malang Regency https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/198 <p><em>This study aims to describe and analyze the social behavior of BPD members in Tunjungtirto Village, Singosari Sub-District, Malang Regency, with indicators namely attitudes, actions, and decision making, and describe and analyze internal and external causes behind the social behavior of BPD members in Tunjungtirto Village. This study uses a qualitative approach. The technique goes through three stages of this research, namely: data condensation, data display, and drawing conclusions/verification. The results of the analysis show that the members of the BPD of Tunjungtirto Village will basically support the decisions of the village government if the decisions are carried out in accordance with the main tasks and results of the village deliberations. When members of the Tunjungtirto Village BPD feel disapproval of the village government's decision, then the actions taken are (1) remain silent and do not express an opinion, (2) continue to sign the minutes which means agreeing to the results of the deliberation decision, even though this action is against their conscience. (3) showing disapproval through passive aggression, for example not attending meetings and displaying displeased expressions through facial expressions or voice intonation, and (4) refusing to sign the minutes even though BPD members understand that if only one person does not sign, then the result of the deliberation decision will continue to run. The members of BPD Desa Tunjungtirto decided to keep signing the minutes, which meant agreeing to the decision of the deliberation. The decision taken is actually contrary to their attitude. Religious values, cultural values, and personal values ??are internal factors that influence the social behavior of BPD members in Tunjungtirto Village. The existence of a control function from community members, imitating the behavior of previous members of the Tunjungtirto Village BPD, and the Ewuh pakewuh culture which is very attached to become external factors that affect the social behavior of Tunjungtirto Village BPD members. </em><em>The social behavior of BPD members of Tunjungtirto Village is motivated by internal factors and external factors that result in discrepancies between their attitudes and actions, resulting in cognitive dissonance.</em></p> Ida Bagus Suardika I Made Weni Roos Widjajani Copyright (c) 2022 Ida Bagus Suardika, I Made Weni, Roos Widjajani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-15 2022-09-15 3 9 38 52 10.47505/IJRSS.2022.V3.9.5 A Study of the Omnibus Law Method in Law Establishment in Indonesia https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/199 <p><em>Simplifying complex regulations to encourage investment and employment has made the Omnibus Law method in the Job Creation Act, which was initially believed to accommodate investment and employment, have a very noble purpose. However, the Formation of the Law must adhere to the formation procedures outlined in law number 12 of 2011 regarding the Formation of laws and regulations. In reality, law number 11 of 2020 about employment creation, an example of the omnibus legislative technique, is not in conformity with the formation procedure envisioned by law number 12 of 2011. The method of research is normative legal research with a statute-based approach. The primary concerns of this study are whether the omnibus law approach is consistent with the Indonesian legal system and whether it is suitable for use in the formulation of laws in Indonesia based on law number 12 of 2011. To evaluate and analyze the use of the omnibus law method in the Indonesian legal system, as well as the compatibility of Law No. 11 of 2020 about job creation as a type of the omnibus law method with the principle of establishing Legislation based on Law No. 12 of 2011.</em></p> Keny Gainau SUPRIYADI Susanto Copyright (c) 2022 Keny Gainau, Supriadi, Susanto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-15 2022-09-15 3 9 53 60 10.47505/IJRSS.2022.V3.9.6 Suicide Reporting: An Analysis of Selected Nigerian Online News Sites (September 2018-August 2020) https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/196 <p><em>In 2019, the World Health Organisation released a report which revealed that Nigeria had the highest suicide rate in Africa. Employing a mixed-method approach, the researcher examined suicide reportage in Nigeria, between 2018-2020, comparing it to the standards set by the World Health Organisation’s suicide reporting guidelines. A total of 227 articles and 3 editors were examined and interviewed. The findings revealed that although the editors stated that they were aware of and followed such guidelines, suicide incidents were reported irresponsibly. The research’s result indicates that journalists need to be re-oriented on suicide and reporting best practices.</em></p> Toluwanimi Onakoya Stella Aririguzoh Copyright (c) 2022 Toluwanimi Onakoya, Stella Aririguzoh https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-15 2022-09-15 3 9 61 72 10.47505/IJRSS.2022.V3.9.7 Operational Schedules for Heavy Equipment Transportation Vehicles: A Case Study of Sangatta City of Indonesia https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/200 <p>The purpose of this research is to describe and analyze the Implementation of the Policy on Regulation of Operational Hours for Heavy Equipment Transport Vehicles in Sangatta City based on the Regulation of the Regent of East Kutai Number 20 Years and to describe and analyze the factors supporting and inhibiting the Implementation of Policy on Regulation of Operational Hours for Heavy Equipment Transport Vehicles in Sangatta City based on the Regulation of the Regent of East Kutai Number 20 Years. This type of descriptive research uses a qualitative methodology. By using the theory of public policy implementation, this study aims to describe and analyze the implementation of the policy on Regulation of Operational Hours of Heavy Equipment Transport in Sangatta City, based on the Regulation of the Regent of East Kutai Number 20 of 2018. <em>The findings of this study are, that the implementation of the policy on Regulation of Operational Hours of Transport Vehicles Heavy Equipment in Sangatta City is based on East Kutai Regent Regulation Number 20 of 2018 in terms of mechanisms, coordination, prohibition of crossings, and violations that occur not continuously, clear and consistent communication; additional sources of authority owned by the executor, selective appointment of the executor. </em></p> Alpha Wahyu Farisaputra Budhy Prianto Sri Hartini Jatmikowati Copyright (c) 2022 Alpha Wahyu Farisaputra, Budhy Prianto, Sri Hartini Jatmikowati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-15 2022-09-15 3 9 73 81 10.47505/IJRSS.2022.V3.9.8 Study of Development of Agro tourism in the Poncokusumo District of Malang City https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/201 <p><em>This study aimed to examine the implementation of agro-tourism-based tourism development policies in Poncokusumo District, Malang Regency, as well as the variables facilitating and impeding implementation. This study employs a qualitative approach. This research employs data collection methods: interview, documentation, and observation. This investigation was conducted in the Poncokusumo District of the Malang Regency in the province of East Java. Poncokusumo subdistrict can cultivate tourism sub-sectors, food crop agriculture, vegetables, horticulture, plantations, and livestock. The results indicated that the implementation of agro-tourism-based tourism development policies has been proceeding well. &nbsp;District, Malang Regency is more widely known and people are more interested in visiting. The local government should be allowed to enhance the Department of Tourism and Culture budget because the current budget is insufficient to maximize the development of Malang's tremendous tourism potential. They are increasing human resources, particularly in developing agro-tourism-based tourism, in the Malang Regency government through education and competency training to deliver more professional and competent services. They are increasing human resources, particularly in developing agro-tourism-based tourism, in the Malang Regency government through education and competency training to deliver more professional and competent services. The local government should be allowed to enhance the Department of Tourism and Culture budget because the current budget is insufficient to maximize the development of Malang's tremendous tourism potential. They are increasing human resources, particularly in the development of agro-tourism-based tourism, in the Malang Regency government through education and competency training so that they can deliver more professional and competent services.</em></p> Nur Zaman Praptining Sukowati Wahyu Wiyani Copyright (c) 2022 Nur Zaman, Praptining Sukowati, Wahyu Wiyani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-15 2022-09-15 3 9 82 89 10.47505/IJRSS.2022.V3.9.9 Study of public Communication Strategy to improve the Image of the Government in the Probolinggo District of Indonesia https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/202 <p><em>The </em><em>aim of the research is to study the public communication strategies for enhancing the positive image of the Probolinggo Regency government. &nbsp;The research is also extended to analyze the Probolinggo Regency Government Public Relations communications for enhancing the image of the Probolinggo Regency Government. In addition, this study aims to describe and analyze supporting and inhibiting variables of public relations communication of the Probolinggo Regency administration from enhancing its good image. This research was conducted in the area of public relations at the Probolinggo Regency Leadership's Protocol and Communication Section, Probolinggo Regency Regional Secretariat. This public relations activity is part of the Leadership Documentation Subsection's responsibilities, which include documenting the activities of the Regional Head and Deputy Regional Head and compiling the minutes of their meeting; and facilitating media coverage of the activities of Regional Heads and Deputy Regional Heads. The results indicated that the "Probolinggo Regency Government" account successfully transmitted the intended message, despite not being flawless. In addition, the Public Relations of the Probolinggo Regency Government must be able to capitalize on supporting factors to enhance the Regency Government's favorable image by optimizing information and social media followers and enhancing government cooperation. </em></p> Yulistina Widiarningrum Kridawati Sadhana Sukardi Copyright (c) 2022 Yulistina Widiarningrum, Kridawati Sadhana, Sukardi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-15 2022-09-15 3 9 90 95 10.47505/IJRSS.2022.V3.9.10 Attributes of Board of Directors and Organizational Performance: A Case of Information and Community Technology Companies in Nigeria https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/203 <p><em>There are pieces of evidence revealing that attributes of the corporate board contribute to increased organizational performance; however, studies are not forthcoming coming as to whether certain attributes of the board of directors like board diversity and board meetings may drive the performance of information and communication technology companies in Nigeria. Consequently, this study was carried out with the view to assessing whether attributes of the board of directors drive the performance of information and communication technology companies in Nigeria. Using ex-post facto research design, secondary data were gotten from financial statements of quoted information and communication technology companies on the floor of the Nigerian Exchange Group from 2012-2021. Data obtained were analyzed via descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. In specific, the fixed and random effect regression model showed that board diversity and board meetings contribute significantly to driving the performance of information and communication technology companies. Remarkably, it was found that while board diversity negatively drives performance, board meetings positively drive the performance of information and communication technology companies in Nigeria. In view of the </em><em>findings, this study recommended that the management of information and communication technology companies should increase the number of board meetings while at the same time, keeping a moderate level of gender diversity in the boardroom in order to ensure increased market-to-book-value of their company. </em></p> EGBERI Kelvin Agbarha Copyright (c) 2022 EGBERI, Kelvin Agbarha https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-15 2022-09-15 3 9 96 101 10.47505/IJRSS.2022.V3.9.11