https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/issue/feed International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN: 2582-6220, CrossRef:10.47505/ijrss 2021-02-12T01:30:14+08:00 editorijrss editor.ijrssh@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) is open access, double-blind peer-reviewed, an international journal published in English. IJRSS provides wider sharing of knowledge and the acceleration of research, and is thus in the best interest of authors, potential readers, and increases the availability, accessibility, visibility and impact of the papers, and the journal as a whole. The IJRSS focusing on theories, methods, and applications of Social Science and humanities research, increasing academic prosperity, and fostering international academic exchange and cooperation. This journal provides a platform for sharing the latest high-quality research concerning Social Science and humanities research.</p> <p>It is our immense pleasure to introduce the International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS), Social Sciences Journal to cater to the publication needs of teachers, scientists, scholars, students, and professionals. We thank all the resources with us, in the form of eminent advisory board and editorial board for all their cooperation and enthusiastic involvement in this blooming endeavor.</p> https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/44 The Process of Organizing and the Meaning of the Long Amulet Ceremony 2021-01-06T01:09:42+08:00 Imron Heriyanto hermawanti18@gmail.com Bonaventura Ngarawula hermawanti18@gmail.com Tommy Hariyanto hermawanti18@gmail.com <p>This study aims to describe, analyze, and interpret the process of organizing the Long Amulet Ceremony at the Kasepuhan Palace in Cirebon and describe, analyze, and interpret the meaning of the Long Amulet Ceremony according to the people who support the adat Keraton Kasepuhan Cirebon. With a qualitative-ethnographic approach, this study seeks to describe, analyze, and interpret the same pattern of values, behavior, beliefs, and language of a group of the same culture which is the result of the researcher's construction of various information obtained during field research based on on a research focus. For this reason, the data collection process is carried out through participatory observation techniques, open interviews, and documentation. The data obtained were then analyzed through ethnographic procedures developed by Wolcott (1990), based on Cultural Theory and other relevant supporting theories. Based on this, the researchers conclude: first, that the process of organizing the Long Amulet Ceremony at the Kasepuhan Palace in Cirebon was motivated by a long history of celebrating the birth of the Prophet Muhammad SAW which was carried out from the time of Sunan Gunung Jati to the present palace; which is managed by a committee system that involves elements outside the palace; presented through various series of activities that are packaged in an attractive manner; carried out by the sultan as customary holders, the mosques as holders of religious authority, sentana wargi, nayaka, kemantren, and court women; which is carried out in "holy" places and other places that are "considered holy"; which is supported by the community from among the "palace relatives", "abdi dalem", "invited guests", "visitors", and "travelers". Second, that the activities of the Long Amulet Ceremony are interpreted differently by the supporting community; for the "palace relatives" and "abdi dalem", the ceremony is interpreted as a momentum to strengthen the spirit of monotheism and the example of the Prophet Muhammad; for the "invited guests", the ceremony is more interpreted as a momentum of practical business and political communication; for the "visitors", the ceremony is only interpreted as a momentum to memorize blessings (to pick up blessings); and for the "traveler", the ceremony is only meant as a means of fun and impressive entertainment. which is supported by the community from among the "palace relatives", "abdi dalem", "invited guests", "visitors", and "travelers". Second, that the activities of the Long Amulet Ceremony are interpreted differently by the supporting community; for the "palace relatives" and "abdi dalem", the ceremony is interpreted as a momentum to strengthen the spirit of monotheism and the example of the Prophet Muhammad; for the "invited guests", the ceremony is more interpreted as a momentum of practical business and political communication; for the "visitors", the ceremony is only interpreted as a momentum to memorize blessings (to pick up blessings); and for the "traveler", the ceremony is only meant as a means of fun and impressive entertainment. which is supported by the community from among the "palace relatives", "abdi dalem", "invited guests", "visitors", and "travelers". Second, that the activities of the Long Amulet Ceremony are interpreted differently by the supporting community; for the "palace relatives" and "abdi dalem", the ceremony is interpreted as a momentum to strengthen the spirit of monotheism and the example of the Prophet Muhammad; for the "invited guests", the ceremony is more interpreted as a momentum of practical business and political communication; for the "visitors", the ceremony is only interpreted as a momentum to memorize blessings (to pick up blessings); and for the "traveler", the ceremony is only meant as a means of fun and impressive entertainment. that the activities of the Long Amulet Ceremony are interpreted differently by the supporting community; for the "palace relatives" and "abdi dalem", the ceremony is interpreted as a momentum to strengthen the spirit of monotheism and the example of the Prophet Muhammad; for the "invited guests", the ceremony is more interpreted as a momentum of practical business and political communication; for the "visitors", the ceremony is only interpreted as a momentum to memorize blessings (to pick up blessings); and for the "traveler", the ceremony is only meant as a means of fun and impressive entertainment. that the activities of the Long Amulet Ceremony are interpreted differently by the supporting community; for the "palace relatives" and "abdi dalem", the ceremony is interpreted as a momentum to strengthen the spirit of monotheism and the example of the Prophet Muhammad; for the "invited guests", the ceremony is more interpreted as a momentum of practical business and political communication; for the "visitors", the ceremony is only interpreted as a momentum to memorize blessings (to pick up blessings); and for the "traveler", the ceremony is only meant as a means of fun and impressive entertainment. for the "visitors", the ceremony is only interpreted as a momentum to memorize blessings (to pick up blessings); and for the "traveler", the ceremony is only meant as a means of fun and impressive entertainment. for the "visitors", the ceremony is only interpreted as a momentum to memorize blessings (to pick up blessings); and for the "traveler", the ceremony is only meant as a means of fun and impressive entertainment.</p> 2021-01-06T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN: 2582-6220 https://www.ijrss.org/index.php/ijrss/article/view/52 Sustainable Frameworks of Public-Private-Partnerships in Zimbabwe: A Holistic, Sector-Wide Review 2021-02-12T01:30:14+08:00 Basera Edson edbasera@gmail.com Zhou Gideon edbasera@gmail.com <p><em>In the wake of increasing calls for open governments amid declining external and domestic financial support, Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) are emerging as viable models of financing infrastructural development and service delivery across the globe. The main goal of this study is to present a holistic, sector-wide review of the genesis, etymology, forms, impact and constraints in the implementation of PPPs in Zimbabwe. In Zimbabwe, the case of PPPs is particularly imperative in view of the recent change in political leadership. The study answered the questions: What measures are being taken to attract-in PPPs? What are the constraining factors? What should be done to mainstream PPP best practices towards increasing private participation towards investment in Zimbabwe? Through desk-research and key informant interviews, the study found that PPPs assist in: sourcing finance, risk management, improving efficiency through technology, employment creation and reduction due to technology. Among its key recommendations are: the revamping of the legislative framework, harnessing the demographic dividend, roll-out PPPs in-basket training workshops, formulate policy documents on PPPs, incentives for risk, ensure community participation through roping-in the traditional leaders as well as systemizing policy consistency and predictability to build investor confidence as framework for sustainable implementation of PPPs in the new dispensation.</em></p> 2021-01-24T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Research in Social Science and Humanities (IJRSS) ISSN: 2582-6220, CrossRef:10.47505/ijrss